Are scanned document legally accepted?
In the United States, two uniform laws clearly establish the basis for admitting
records maintained on document imaging systems into evidence: The Uniform Rules of Evidence [US 128-0060-00 to
0170-00] and The Uniform Photographic Copies of Business and Public Records as Evidence Act (UPA) [US 1128-0020-00].
Both laws would admit duplicate records into evidence if they accurately reproduce the original. The document imaging
technology is a duplication technology similar to photocopies, microfilm and facsimile. The four best-known reproduction
techniques - photocopy, microfilm, facsimile and electronic image management or document imaging - exhibit the
same two characteristics.
Image Capture; a photographic, scanning or other process to identify and capture
the image of the original document. Image Manipulation; a photographic, electronic, photostatic or other process
that transforms the captured image into a format for storing and reproducing the image.